Bulugh Al-Maram: Chapter 4

كتاب الزكاة

The Book of Zakah

Bulug Al-Maram 4.1
Ibn 'Abbas (RAA) narrated that when the Prophet (PbUH) sent Mu'adh Ibn Jabal to Yemen (as governor), he said to him:
“You are going to a people who are People of the Scripture. Invite them to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that l am His Messenger. If they obey you in this, then teach them that Allah, the Glorious One, has enjoined five prayers upon them in every day and night (in twenty-four hours), and if they obey you in this, then tell them that Allah has made it obligatory for them to pay Zakah upon their assets and it is to be taken from the wealthy among them and given to the poor among them.” Related by Al-Bukhari
عَنِ اِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا: { أَنَّ اَلنَّبِيَّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-بَعَثَ مُعَاذًا ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- إِلَى اَلْيَمَنِ.‏.‏.‏ } فَذَكَرَ اَلْحَدِيثَ, وَفِيهِ: { أَنَّ اَللَّهَ قَدِ اِفْتَرَضَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَدَقَةً فِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ, تُؤْخَذُ مِنْ أَغْنِيَائِهِمْ, فَتُرَدُّ فِ ي 1‏ فُقَرَائِهِمْ } مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ, وَاللَّفْظُ لِلْبُخَارِيّ ِ 2‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.2
Anas (RAA) narrated that Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (RAA) wrote him this letter, “This is the obligatory Zakah, which the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) made obligatory for every Muslim, and which Allah, the Almighty had commanded him to observe. ‘For each twenty-four camels, or less, their Zakah is to be paid as sheep; for every live camels, their Zakah is one sheep. When the amount of camels is between twenty -five to thirty- five, the due Zakah is one she-camel ‘bint makhad’ (a camel which is one year old and just starting the second year) or a male camel ‘ibn labun’(a young male camel which is two years old and already starting the third year). However, when the amount of camels reaches thirty-six, the due Zakah is a young she-camel 'bint labun’ (a young female camel, which is two years old and already starting the third year). When they reach forty six to sixty camels, their due Zakah is a she camel ‘hiqqah’ (which is three years old and starting the fourth). When they reach sixty-one to seventy-five, one ‘Jaz'ah’ (a four year old camel already starting its fifth year). When their number is between seventy-six to ninety camels, their due Zakah is two young she camels ‘bint labun’. When they are in the range between ninety-one to one hundred and twenty camels, the Zakah is two young she camels 'hiqqah’. If they are over a hundred and twenty camels, on every forty camels, one 'bint labun’ is due. And for every fifty camels (over one hundred and twenty) a young she-camel ‘hiqqah’ is due, And anyone, who has got only four camels, does not have to pay Zakah unless he (the owner of the camels) wants to give something voluntarily. Regarding the Zakah of grazing sheep, if they are between forty and one hundred and twenty, one sheep is due as Zakah. lf they are between 120 and 200, two sheep are due. If they are between 200 and 300, three sheep are due. If they exceed three hundred sheep, then one sheep is due for every extra hundred grazing heads. If the grazing sheep are less than forty, (even if they are 39) then no Zakah is due on them, unless he (the owner of the camels) wants to give something voluntarily. One should not combine (i.e. gather young animals together) or separate them for fear of paying Zakah. When there is a mixture of cattle shared between two partners, and Zakah is paid jointly between them, then they have to calculate it equally among them (depending on the share of each). Neither an old or a defective animal nor a male goat (a ram used for breeding) may be taken as Zakah, unless the Zakah collector wishes to do so. Concerning silver, the Zakah paid is a quarter of a tenth for each 200 Dirhams. If the amount of silver is less than two hundred Dirhams (even if it is 190) then no Zakah is to be paid for it, unless the owner wishes to do so. If the number of camels reaches the number on which a jaz'ah (a four year old camel already starting its fifth year) is due as Zakah, but he only has a ‘hiqqah’ (a she camel which is three years old and starting the fourth), it should be accepted from him along with two sheep if they were available (to compensate for the difference) or twenty Dirhams. If on the other hand he has to offer a ‘hiqqah’ as Zakah, but he only has a jaz'ah, it is accepted from him, and the Zakah collector will then pay him the difference, which is twenty Dirhams or two female sheep.’ Related by AI-Bukhari.
وَعَنْ أَنَسٍ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ اَلصِّدِّيقَ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- كَتَبَ لَه ُ 1‏ { هَذِهِ فَرِيضَةُ اَلصَّدَقَةِ اَلَّتِي فَرَضَهَا رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-عَلَى اَلْمُسْلِمِينَ, وَاَلَّتِي أَمَرَ اَللَّهُ بِهَا رَسُولَه ُ 2‏ فِي أَرْبَعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ مِنَ اَلْإِبِلِ فَمَا دُونَهَا اَلْغَنَم ُ 3‏ فِي كُلِّ خَمْسٍ شَاةٌ, فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ إِلَى خَمْسٍ وَثَلَاثِينَ فَفِيهَا بِنْتُ مَخَاضٍ أُنْثَ ى 4‏ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ فَابْنُ لَبُونٍ ذَكَر ٍ 5‏ فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ سِتًّا وَثَلَاثِينَ إِلَى خَمْسٍ وَأَرْبَعِينَ فَفِيهَا بِنْتُ لَبُون ٍ 6‏ أُنْثَى, فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ سِتًّا وَأَرْبَعِينَ إِلَى سِتِّينَ فَفِيهَا حِقَّةٌ طَرُوقَةُ اَلْجَمَل ِ 7‏ فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ وَاحِدَةً وَسِتِّينَ إِلَى خَمْسٍ وَسَبْعِينَ فَفِيهَا جَذَعَة ٌ 8‏ فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ سِتًّا وَسَبْعِينَ إِلَى تِسْعِينَ فَفِيهَا بِنْتَا لَبُونٍ, فَإِذَا بَلَغَتْ إِحْدَى وَتِسْعِينَ إِلَى عِشْرِينَ وَمِائَةٍ فَفِيهَا حِقَّتَانِ طَرُوقَتَا اَلْجَمَلِ, فَإِذَا زَادَتْ عَلَى عِشْرِينَ وَمِائَةٍ فَفِي كُلِّ أَرْبَعِينَ بِنْتُ لَبُونٍ, وَفِي كُلِّ خَمْسِينَ حِقَّةٌ, وَمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَهُ إِلَّا أَرْبَعٌ مِنَ اَلْإِبِلِ فَلَيْسَ فِيهَا صَدَقَةٌ إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَاءَ رَبُّهَا 9‏ .‏ وَفِي صَدَقَةِ اَلْغَنَمِ سَائِمَتِهَا إِذَا كَانَتْ أَرْبَعِينَ إِلَى عِشْرِينَ وَمِائَةِ شَاة ٍ 10‏ شَاةٌ, فَإِذَا زَادَتْ عَلَى عِشْرِينَ وَمِائَةٍ إِلَى مِائَتَيْنِ فَفِيهَا شَاتَانِ, فَإِذَا زَادَتْ عَلَى مِائَتَيْنِ إِلَى ثَلَاثمِائَةٍ فَفِيهَا ثَلَاثُ شِيَاه ٍ 11‏ فَإِذَا زَادَتْ عَلَى ثَلَاثِمِائَةٍ فَفِي كُلِّ مِائَةٍ شَاةٌ، فَإِذَا كَانَتْ سَائِمَةُ اَلرَّجُلِ نَاقِصَةً مِنْ أَرْبَعِينَ شَاة ٍ 12‏ شَاةً وَاحِدَةً فَلَيْسَ فِيهَا صَدَقَةٌ, إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَاءَ رَبُّهَا.‏ وَلَا يُجْمَعُ بَيْنَ مُتَفَرِّقٍ وَلَا يُفَرَّقُ بَيْنَ مُجْتَمِعٍ خَشْيَةَ اَلصَّدَقَةِ, وَمَا كَانَ مِنْ خَلِيطَيْنِ فَإِنَّهُمَا يَتَرَاجَعَانِ بَيْنَهُمَا بِالسَّوِيَّةِ, وَلَا يُخْرَجُ فِي اَلصَّدَقَةِ هَرِمَة ٌ 13‏ وَلَا ذَاتُ عَوَارٍ, إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَاءَ اَلْمُصَّدِّقُ، وَفِي اَلرِّقَة ِ 14‏ رُبُعُ اَلْعُشْرِ, فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُن ْ 15‏ إِلَّا تِسْعِينَ وَمِائَةً فَلَيْسَ فِيهَا صَدَقَةٌ إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَاءَ رَبُّهَا, وَمَنْ بَلَغَتْ عِنْدَهُ مِنَ اَلْإِبِلِ صَدَقَةُ اَلْجَذَعَةِ وَلَيْسَتْ عِنْدَهُ جَذَعَةٌ وَعِنْدَهُ حِقَّةٌ, فَإِنَّهَا تُقْبَلُ مِنْهُ اَلْحِقَّةُ, وَيَجْعَلُ مَعَهَا شَاتَيْنِ إِنِ اِسْتَيْسَرَتَا لَهُ, أَوْ عِشْرِينَ دِرْهَمًا, وَمَنْ بَلَغَتْ عِنْدَهُ صَدَقَةُ اَلْحِقَّةِ وَلَيْسَتْ عِنْدَهُ اَلْحِقَّةُ, وَعِنْدَهُ اَلْجَذَعَةُ, فَإِنَّهَا تُقْبَلُ مِنْهُ اَلْجَذَعَةُ, وَيُعْطِيهِ اَلْمُصَّدِّقُ عِشْرِينَ دِرْهَمًا أَوْ شَاتَيْنِ } رَوَاهُ اَلْبُخَارِيّ ُ 16‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.3
Mu’adh bin Jabal (RAA) narrated, ‘When the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) sent him to Yemen, he commanded him to take a ‘tabi’(young bull) or ‘tabi'ah’ (young cow, which is one year old), as Zakah for every 30 cows. And for every forty cows, a musinnah (two year old cow) is due. Every non-Muslim who attained the age of puberty should pay one Dinar or the equivalent from the Mu'afiri clothes (made in a town in Yemen called Ma'afir).’ Related by the Five Imams and the wording is from Ahmad.
وَعَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- { أَنَّ اَلنَّبِيَّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-بَعَثَهُ إِلَى اَلْيَمَنِ, فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَأْخُذَ مِنْ كُلِّ ثَلَاثِينَ بَقَرَةً تَبِيعًا أَوْ تَبِيعَةً, وَمِنْ كُلِّ أَرْبَعِينَ مُسِنَّةً, وَمِنْ كُلِّ حَالِمٍ دِينَارًا أَوْ عَدْلَهُ مُعَافِرَ } رَوَاهُ اَلْخَمْسَةُ, وَاللَّفْظُ لِأَحْمَدَ, وَحَسَّنَهُ اَلتِّرْمِذِيُّ وَأَشَارَ إِلَى اِخْتِلَافٍ فِي وَصْلِهِ, وَصَحَّحَهُ اِبْنُ حِبَّانَ, وَالْحَاكِم ُ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.4
'Amro bin Shu'aib narrated on the authority of his father, who reported on the authority of his grandfather (RAA) that the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“The Zakah of the Muslims should be collected by their water trough.” Related by Ahmad.
وَعَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ, عَنْ أَبِيهِ, عَنْ جَدِّهِ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ تُؤْخَذُ صَدَقَاتُ اَلْمُسْلِمِينَ عَلَى مِيَاهِهِمْ } رَوَاهُ أَحْمَد ُ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.5
Abu Dawud also has the narration, “Their Zakah should only be collected by their dwellings.”
وَلِأَبِي دَاوُدَ: { وَلَا تُؤْخَذُ صَدَقَاتُهُمْ إِلَّا فِي دُورِهِمْ } 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.6
Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“No Zakah is to be paid on one’s horse (that he rides) or one’s slave.” Related by Al-Bukhari. Muslim also has the narration, “There is no Zakah to be paid on one’s slave, except for Zakat-ul-Fitr (which is paid at the end of Ramadan, and a Muslim must pay it on behalf of all of those he is responsible for).”
وَعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ لَيْسَ عَلَى اَلْمُسْلِمِ فِي عَبْدِهِ وَلَا] فِي [ فَرَسِهِ صَدَقَةٌ } رَوَاهُ اَلْبُخَارِيّ ُ 1‏ .‏ وَلِمُسْلِمٍ: { لَيْسَ فِي اَلْعَبْدِ صَدَقَةٌ إِلَّا صَدَقَةُ اَلْفِطْرِ } 2‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.7
Bahz bin Hakam narrated on the authority of his father, who reported on the authority of his grandfather (RAA) that the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“For every forty camels, one ‘bint labun’ (a young female camel which is two years old and already starting the third year), is due as Zakah. No camel is to be separated from the rest of the camels (i.e. the jointly owned live stock as mentioned above). Whoever gives it willingly, seeking his reward from Allah, will be rewarded. (However) if someone refrains from paying it, it will be taken from him (by force) along with part of his property (as punishment), for it is a right of Allah. None of it is lawful for the family of Muhammad = (PbUH).” Related by Ahmad, An-Nasa’i, Abu Dawud and Al-Hakim rendered it Sahih.
وَعَنْ بَهْزِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ, عَنْ أَبِيهِ, عَنْ جَدِّهِ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ فِي كُلِّ سَائِمَةِ إِبِلٍ: فِي أَرْبَعِينَ بِنْتُ لَبُونٍ, لَا تُفَرَّقُ إِبِلٌ عَنْ حِسَابِهَا, مَنْ أَعْطَاهَا مُؤْتَجِرًا بِهَا فَلَهُ أَجْرُهُ, وَمَنْ مَنَعَهَا فَإِنَّا آخِذُوهَا وَشَطْرَ مَالِهِ, عَزْمَةً مِنْ عَزَمَاتِ رَبِّنَا, لَا يَحِلُّ لِآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ مِنْهَا شَيْءٌ } رَوَاهُ أَحْمَدُ, وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ, وَالنَّسَائِيُّ, وَصَحَّحَهُ اَلْحَاكِمُ, وَعَلَّقَ اَلشَّافِعِيُّ اَلْقَوْلَ بِهِ عَلَى ثُبُوتِه ِ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.8
Ali (RAA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“When you possess two hundred Dirhams at the end of the year (if you still have all of them), five Dirhams are levied on them as Zakah. There is nothing upon you (to be paid) in gold, until it reaches (the value of) twenty Dinars. When you possess twenty Dinars, at the end of the year, then there is half a Dinar levied on it (as Zakah). Any additional amount will be calculated in the same manner. No Zakah is to be paid on monetary holdings, until they have been owned for one year.” Related by Abu Dawud, who rendered it Hasan.
وَعَنْ عَلِيٍّ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ إِذَا كَانَتْ لَكَ مِائَتَا دِرْهَمٍ ‏-وَحَالَ عَلَيْهَا اَلْحَوْلُ‏- فَفِيهَا خَمْسَةُ دَرَاهِمَ, وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ شَيْءٌ حَتَّى يَكُونَ لَكَ عِشْرُونَ دِينَارًا, وَحَالَ عَلَيْهَا اَلْحَوْلُ, فَفِيهَا نِصْفُ دِينَارٍ, فَمَا زَادَ فَبِحِسَابِ ذَلِكَ, وَلَيْسَ فِي مَالٍ زَكَاةٌ حَتَّى يَحُولَ عَلَيْهِ اَلْحَوْلُ } رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ, وَهُوَ حَسَنٌ, وَقَدِ اِخْتُلِفَ فِي رَفْعِه ِ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.9
Ibn Umar (RAA) narrated, ‘Whoever earns any money, he is not liable to pay Zakah, until the period of a year has passed (while still possessing the same amount of money).’ Related by At-Tirmidhi.
وَلِلتِّرْمِذِيِّ; عَنِ اِبْنِ عُمَرَ: { مَنِ اِسْتَفَادَ مَالًا, فَلَا زَكَاةَ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى يَحُولَ اَلْحَوْلُ } وَالرَّاجِحُ وَقْفُه ُ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.10
Ali (RAA) narrated that, ‘There is no Zakah to be paid on working cattle.’ Related by Abu Dawud and Ad-Daraqutni.
وَعَنْ عَلِيٍّ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: { لَيْسَ فِي اَلْبَقَرِ اَلْعَوَامِلِ صَدَقَةٌ } رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ, وَاَلدَّارَقُطْنِيُّ, وَالرَّاجِحُ وَقْفُهُ أَيْضً ا 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.11
Amro bin Shu’aib narrated on the authority of his father who reported on the authority of his grandfather, on the authority of Abdullah bin 'Amro(RAA) that the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“One who becomes the guardian of an orphan, who owns property, must trade on his behalf and not leave it (saved and unused) until it is all eaten up by Zakah (which is paid yearly).” Related by At-Tirmidhi and Ad-Daraqutni with a weak chain of narrators.
وَعَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ, عَنْ أَبِيهِ, عَنْ جَدِّهِ; عَبْدِ اَللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِوٍ; أَنَّ رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ: { مِنْ وَلِيَ يَتِيمًا لَهُ مَالٌ, فَلْيَتَّجِرْ لَهُ, وَلَا يَتْرُكْهُ حَتَّى تَأْكُلَهُ اَلصَّدَقَةُ } رَوَاهُ اَلتِّرْمِذِيُّ, وَاَلدَّارَقُطْنِيُّ, وَإِسْنَادُهُ ضَعِيف ٌ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.12
وَلَهُ شَاهِدٌ مُرْسَلٌ عِنْدَ اَلشَّافِعِيّ ِ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.13
Abdullah bin Abi Aufa (RAA) narrated, ‘Whenever a person came to the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) with their Zakah, he would say, “O Allah! Send your blessings upon them” Agreed upon.
وَعَنْ عَبْدِ اَللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْفَى ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: { كَانَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-إِذَا أَتَاهُ قَوْمٌ بِصَدَقَتِهِمْ قَالَ:
"اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ"
‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.14
Ali (RAA) narrated that al-Abbas (RAA) asked the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) to allow him to pay his Zakah before its due date, and he gave him permission to do so.’ Related by At-Tirmidhi and Al-Hakim.
وَعَنْ عَلِيٍّ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- أَنَّ اَلْعَبَّاسَ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- { سَأَلَ اَلنَّبِيَّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-فِي تَعْجِيلِ صَدَقَتِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَحِلَّ, فَرَخَّصَ لَهُ فِي ذَلِكَ } رَوَاهُ اَلتِّرْمِذِيُّ, وَالْحَاكِم ُ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.15
Jabir (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“There is no Zakah to be paid on less than five ounces of silver, less than five camels or less than five Awsuq of dates.” Related by Muslim.
وَعَنْ جَابِرِ] بْنِ عَبْدِ اَللَّهِ ] ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- عَنْ رَسُولِ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ: { لَيْسَ فِيمَا دُونَ خَمْسِ أَوَاقٍ مِنَ اَلْوَرِقِ صَدَقَةٌ, وَلَيْسَ فِيمَا دُونَ خَمْسٍ ذَوْدٍ مِنَ اَلْإِبِلِ صَدَقَةٌ, وَلَيْسَ فِيمَا دُونَ خَمْسَةِ أَوْسُقٍ مِنَ اَلتَّمْرِ صَدَقَةٌ } رَوَاهُ مُسْلِم ٌ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.16
Abu Said Al-Khudri (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“There is no Zakah to be paid on any amount of dates or grain less than five Awsuq.” Agreed upon.
وَلَهُ مِنْ حَدِيثِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ: { لَيْسَ فِيمَا دُونَ خَمْسَةِ أَوْسَاقٍ مِنْ تَمْرٍ وَلَا حَبٍّ صَدَقَةٌ } 1‏ .‏ وَأَصْلُ حَدِيثِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْه ِ 2‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.17
Salim bin ’Abdullah narrated on the authority of his father (RAA) that the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“A tithe is due as Zakah, on every plant watered by heaven (rain water), springs, or underground water (i.e. watered without effort).While half a tithe is paid on what is watered by irrigation (i.e. machines are used).” Related by Al-Bukhari. Abu Dawud added in his narration, “When it is watered by underground water (close to the surface and keeping the land wet), a tithe is paid, but half a tithe is paid when the land is watered by wheels or animals.”
وَعَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اَللَّهِ, عَنْ أَبِيهِ, عَنْ اَلنَّبِيِّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ: { فِيمَا سَقَتِ اَلسَّمَاءُ وَالْعُيُونُ, أَوْ كَانَ عَثَرِيًّا: اَلْعُشْرُ, وَفِيمَا سُقِيَ بِالنَّضْحِ: نِصْفُ اَلْعُشْرِ.‏ } رَوَاهُ اَلْبُخَارِيّ ُ 1‏ .‏ وَلِأَبِي دَاوُدَ: { أَوْ كَانَ بَعْلًا: اَلْعُشْرُ, وَفِيمَا سُقِيَ بِالسَّوَانِ ي 2‏ أَوِ اَلنَّضْحِ: نِصْفُ اَلْعُشْرِ } 3‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.18
Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari and Mu'adh (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said to them, “Do not take any Zakah except on these four crops:
barley, wheat, raisins and dates.”Related by At-Tabarani and Al-Hakim.
وَعَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى اَلْأَشْعَرِيِّ; وَمُعَاذٍ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا; أَنَّ اَلنَّبِيَّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ لَهُمَا: { لَا تَأْخُذَا فِي اَلصَّدَقَةِ إِلَّا مِنْ هَذِهِ اَلْأَصْنَافِ اَلْأَرْبَعَةِ: اَلشَّعِيرِ, وَالْحِنْطَةِ, وَالزَّبِيبِ, وَالتَّمْرِ } رَوَاهُ اَلطَّبَرَانِيُّ, وَالْحَاكِم ُ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.19
Imam Ad-Daraqutni related on the authority of Mu’adh (RAA), ‘As for cucumbers, watermelons, pomegranates, and sugar-cane, the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) has exempted them from Zakah.’ It is transmitted with a weak chain of narrators.
وَلِلدَّارَقُطْنِيِّ, عَنْ مُعَاذٍ: { فَأَمَّا اَلْقِثَّاءُ, وَالْبِطِّيخُ, وَالرُّمَّانُ, وَالْقَصَبُ, فَقَدْ عَفَا عَنْهُ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-} وَإِسْنَادُهُ ضَعِيف ٌ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.20
Sahl bin Abi Hathmah (RAA) narrated, “We were commanded by the Messenger of Allah (PbUH), ‘Whenever you assess the amount of something, estimate the [Zakah] and ignore one-third. If you do not, then leave (at least) one fourth.” Related by the five Imams, except for Ibn Majah.
وَعَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ أَبِي حَثْمَةَ ‏-رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا‏- قَالَ: أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ إِذَا خَرَصْتُمْ, فَخُذُوا, وَدَعُوا اَلثُّلُثَ, فَإِنْ لَمْ تَدَعُوا اَلثُّلُثَ, فَدَعُوا اَلرُّبُعَ } رَوَاهُ اَلْخَمْسَةُ إِلَّا اِبْنَ مَاجَهْ, وَصَحَّحَهُ اِبْنُ حِبَّانَ, وَالْحَاكِم ُ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.21
Attab bin Usaid (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) commanded us, “Grapevines are to be estimated exactly as palm trees, and its Zakah is taken in raisins.” Related by the five lmams.
وَعَنْ عَتَّابِ بنِ أُسَيْدٍ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: أَمَرَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ أَنْ يُخْرَصَ اَلْعِنَبُ كَمَا يُخْرَصُ اَلنَّخْلُ, وَتُؤْخَذَ زَكَاتُهُ زَبِيبًا } رَوَاهُ اَلْخَمْسَةُ, وَفِيهِ اِنْقِطَاع ٌ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.22
Amro bin Shu’aib narrated on the authority of his father, who reported on the authority of his grandfather (RAA) that a woman came to the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) accompanied by her daughter, who wore two heavy gold bangles. He said to her, “Do you pay Zakah on them?” She said, ‘No.’ He then said, “Are you pleased that Allah may put two bangles of fire on your wrist on the Day of Judgment?” She then threw them away. Related by the three Imams with a strong chain of narrators.
وَعَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ, عَنْ أَبِيهِ, عَنْ جَدِّهِ; { أَنَّ اِمْرَأَةً أَتَتِ اَلنَّبِيَّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-وَمَعَهَا اِبْنَةٌ لَهَا, وَفِي يَدِ اِبْنَتِهَا مِسْكَتَانِ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ, فَقَالَ لَهَا: "أَتُعْطِينَ زَكَاةَ هَذَا?" قَالَتْ: لَا.‏ قَالَ: "أَيَسُرُّكِ أَنْ يُسَوِّرَكِ اَللَّهُ بِهِمَا يَوْمَ اَلْقِيَامَةِ سِوَارَيْنِ مِنْ نَارٍ?".‏ فَأَلْقَتْهُمَا.‏ } رَوَاهُ اَلثَّلَاثَةُ, وَإِسْنَادُهُ قَوِيّ ٌ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.23
وَصَحَّحَهُ اَلْحَاكِمُ: مِنْ حَدِيثِ عَائِشَة َ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.24
Umm Salamah (RAA) narrated that she was wearing golden ornaments and asked the Messenger of Allah (PbUH), ‘Is it considered as a treasure?’ He said, “If you pay the due Zakah, then it is not considered as a treasure.” Related by Abu Dawud and Ad-Daraqutni.
وَعَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهَا; { أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تَلْبَسُ أَوْضَاحً ا
"إِذَا أَدَّيْتِ زَكَاتَهُ, فَلَيْسَ بِكَنْزٍ"
‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.25
Samurah bin Jundub (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) used to command us to pay Zakah from (the goods) we had prepared for sale. Related by Abu Dawud with a weak chain of narrators.
وَعَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: { كَانَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-يَأْمُرُنَا; أَنْ نُخْرِجَ اَلصَّدَقَةَ مِنَ اَلَّذِي نَعُدُّهُ لِلْبَيْعِ.‏ } رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ, وَإِسْنَادُهُ لَيِّن ٌ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.26
Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“One fifth is compulsory to be paid (as Zakah) on buried Treasure.” Agreed upon.
وَعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- { أَنَّ رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ:
"وَفِي اَلرِّكَازِ: اَلْخُمُسُ"
‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.27
'Amro bin Shu'aib narrated on the authority of his father, who reported on the authority of his grandfather (RAA) that the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) was asked about a treasure that was found by a man in some ruined land, and he said to him, “If you found it in an inhabited village, then you must advertise its having been found. However, if he found it in an uninhabited village, then on it and the rest of the discovered treasure one fifth is payable as Zakah.” Related by Ibn Majah with a reliable chain of narrators.
وَعَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ, عَنْ أَبِيهِ, عَنْ جَدِّهِ; { أَنَّ اَلنَّبِيَّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ ‏-فِي كَنْزٍ وَجَدَهُ رَجُلٌ فِي خَرِبَةٍ‏-:
"إِنْ وَجَدْتَهُ فِي قَرْيَةٍ مَسْكُونَةٍ, فَعَرِّفْهُ, وَإِنْ وَجَدْتَهُ فِي قَرْيَةٍ غَيْرِ مَسْكُونَةٍ, فَفِيهِ وَفِي اَلرِّكَازِ: اَلْخُمُسُ "
‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.28
Bilal bin Al-Harith (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) took Zakah from the mines of Qabaliyah.
وَعَنْ بِلَالِ بْنِ اَلْحَارِثِ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- { أَنَّ رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-أَخَذَ مِنَ اَلْمَعَادِنِ اَلْقَبَلِيَّةِ اَلصَّدَقَةَ.‏ } رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُد َ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.29
Ibn ’Umar (RAA) narrated, The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) enjoined the payment of one sa” of dates or one sa' of barley as Zakat-ul-fitr on every Muslim, slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the 'Id prayer.’ Agreed upon.
عَنِ اِبْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ: { فَرَضَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-زَكَاةَ اَلْفِطْرِ, صَاعًا مِنْ تَمْرٍ, أَوْ صَاعًا مِنْ شَعِيرٍ: عَلَى اَلْعَبْدِ وَالْحُرِّ, وَالذَّكَرِ, وَالْأُنْثَى, وَالصَّغِيرِ, وَالْكَبِيرِ, مِنَ اَلْمُسْلِمِينَ, وَأَمَرَ بِهَا أَنْ تُؤَدَّى قَبْلَ خُرُوجِ اَلنَّاسِ إِلَى اَلصَّلَاةِ } مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْه ِ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.30
Ibn ’Adi and Ad-Daraqutni also related on the authority of Ibn'Umar but with a weak chain of narrators, “Save them (i.e. the poor) wondering around (in the markets and the streets asking for food) on that day.”
وَلِابْنِ عَدِيٍّ ] مِنْ وَجْهٍ آخَرَ [, وَاَلدَّارَقُطْنِيِّ بِإِسْنَادٍ ضَعِيفٍ: { اغْنُوهُمْ عَنِ اَلطَّوَافِ فِي هَذَا اَلْيَوْمِ } 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.31
Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (RAA) narrated, “We used to offer it (Zakat-ul-fitr) during the lifetime of the Prophet as one sa’ of food or one sa' of dates, or one sa' of barley or one sa' of raisins’’ Agreed upon. In another narration, “or one sa' of dried cottage cheese.” Abu Sa'id then added, “As for myself, I would continue to give it as I used to give during the time of the Prophet. Abu Dawud also transmitted on the authority of Abu Sa'id, “I would never give but a sa'.”
وَعَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ اَلْخُدْرِيِّ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: { كُنَّا نُعْطِيهَا فِي زَمَانِ اَلنَّبِيِّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-صَاعًا مِنْ طَعَامٍ, أَوْ صَاعًا مِنْ تَمْرٍ, أَوْ صَاعًا مِنْ شَعِيرٍ, أَوْ صَاعًا مِنْ زَبِيبٍ.‏ } مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْه ِ 1‏ وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ: { أَوْ صَاعًا مِنْ أَقِطٍ } 2‏ .‏ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ: أَمَّا أَنَا فَلَا أَزَالُ أُخْرِجُهُ كَمَا كُنْتُ أُخْرِجُهُ فِي زَمَنِ رَسُولِ اَللَّهِ 3‏ 4‏ .‏ وَلِأَبِي دَاوُدَ: { لَا أُخْرِجُ أَبَدًا إِلَّا صَاعًا } 5‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.32
Ibn ’Abbas (RAA) narrated, ‘The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) enjoined Zakat-ul-fitr on the one who fasts (i.e. fasted during the month of Ramadan) to purify him from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakah for the person who pays it before the Eid prayer and it is Sadaqah (i.e. voluntary charity) for the person who pays it after the Eid prayer.’ Related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah and Al-Hakim graded it as Sahih.
وَعَنِ اِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ: { فَرَضَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-زَكَاةَ اَلْفِطْرِ; طُهْرَةً لِلصَّائِمِ مِنَ اَللَّغْوِ, وَالرَّفَثِ, وَطُعْمَةً لِلْمَسَاكِينِ, فَمَنْ أَدَّاهَا قَبْلَ اَلصَّلَاةِ فَهِيَ زَكَاةٌ مَقْبُولَةٌ, وَمَنْ أَدَّاهَا بَعْدَ اَلصَّلَاةِ فَهِيَ صَدَقَةٌ مِنَ اَلصَّدَقَاتِ.‏ } رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ, وَابْنُ مَاجَهْ, وَصَحَّحَهُ اَلْحَاكِم ُ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.33
Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“Seven people will be shaded by Allah under His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His ....” He mentioned the rest of the hadith, which says, “and a man who gives charity so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given.” (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity). Agreed upon.
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- عَنِ اَلنَّبِيِّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ: { سَبْعَةٌ يُظِلُّهُمُ اَللَّهُ فِي ظِلِّهِ يَوْمَ لَا ظِلَّ إِلَّا ظِلُّهُ.‏.‏.‏.‏ } فَذَكَرَ اَلْحَدِيثَ وَفِيهِ: { وَرَجُلٌ تَصَدَّقَ بِصَدَقَةٍ فَأَخْفَاهَا حَتَّى لَا تَعْلَمَ شِمَالُهُ مَا تُنْفِقُ يَمِينُهُ } مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.34
’Uqbah Ibn ‘Amir (RAA) narrated, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) say, “Everybody will be shaded by his Sadaqah (on the Day of Judgment) until it has been judged between the people.” Related by Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim.
وَعَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-يَقُولُ: { كُلُّ اِمْرِئٍ فِي ظِلِّ صَدَقَتِهِ حَتَّى يُفْصَلَ بَيْنَ اَلنَّاسِ } رَوَاهُ اِبْنُ حِبَّانَ وَالْحَاكِمُ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.35
Abu Sa'id AI-Khudri (RAA) narrated that The Prophet said, “Any Muslim who clothes another Muslim who is naked, Allah will clothe him from the green garments of Paradise. Any Muslim who feeds a Muslim who is hungry, Allah will feed him from the fruit of Paradise, and any Muslim who gives drink to a Muslim who is thirsty, Allah will give him a drink from the Sealed Nectar.” Related by Abu Dawud with a weak chain of narrators.
وَعَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ اَلْخُدْرِيِّ, عَنِ اَلنَّبِيِّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ: { أَيُّمَا مُسْلِمٍ كَسَا ] مُسْلِمًا [ 1‏ ثَوْبًا عَلَى عُرْيٍ كَسَاهُ اَللَّهُ مِنْ خُضْرِ اَلْجَنَّةِ, وَأَيُّمَا مُسْلِمٍ أَطْعَمَ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى جُوعٍ أَطْعَمَهُ اَللَّهُ مِنْ ثِمَارِ اَلْجَنَّةِ, وَأَيُّمَا مُسْلِمٍ سَقَى مُسْلِمًا عَلَى ظَمَإٍ سَقَاهُ اَللَّهُ مِنْ اَلرَّحِيقِ اَلْمَخْتُومِ } رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَفِي إِسْنَادِهِ لِينٌ 2‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.36
Hakim bin Hizam (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
”The upper hand is better than the lower hand (i.e. he who gives in charity is better than he who takes it). One should begin by giving to his dependents. And the best Sadaqah (charity) is that, which is given by a wealthy person (from the money which is left over after his expenses). And whoever abstains from asking others for some financial help, Allah will provide for him and save him from asking others; Allah will make him self-sufficient.” Agreed upon and this version is of al-Bukhari.
وَعَنْ حَكِيمِ بْنِ حِزَامٍ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- عَنِ اَلنَّبِيِّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ: { اَلْيَدُ اَلْعُلْيَا خَيْرٌ مِنَ اَلْيَدِ اَلسُّفْلَى, وَابْدَأْ بِمَنْ تَعُولُ, وَخَيْرُ اَلصَّدَقَةِ عَنْ ظَهْرِ غِنًى, وَمَنْ يَسْتَعْفِفْ يُعِفَّهُ اَللَّهُ, وَمَنْ يَسْتَغْنِ يُغْنِهِ اَللَّهُ.‏ } مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ, وَاللَّفْظُ لِلْبُخَارِيِّ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.37
Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) was asked, ‘Which kind of Sadaqah is better? He replied, “That which is given by one who does not have much property. And begin by giving to your dependents.” Related by Ahmad, and Abu Dawud. Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban and AI-Hakim graded it as Sahih.
وَعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: { قِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ: أَيُّ اَلصَّدَقَةِ أَفْضَلُ? قَالَ:
"جُهْدُ اَلْمُقِلِّ, وَابْدَأْ بِمَنْ تَعُولُ"
‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.38
Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“Give Sadaqah.” A man then said, ‘Allah’s Messenger (PbUH), I have a Dinar.’ He then said to him, “Give it to yourself as Sadaqah.” The man again said, ‘I have another one.’ The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said: “Give it to your children as Sadaqah.” He said, ‘I have another one.’ He said, “Give it to your wife as Sadaqah.” The man again said, ‘I have another one.’ The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said: “Give it to your servant as Sadaqah.” He said, ‘I have another one.’ The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said: “You know better to whom you should give it.” Related by Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i. Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim regarded it as Sahih.
وَعَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ " تَصَدَّقُوا " فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ: يَا رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ, عِنْدِي دِينَارٌ? قَالَ: " تَصَدَّقْ بِهِ عَلَى نَفْسِكَ " قَالَ: عِنْدِي آخَرُ, قَالَ: " تَصَدَّقْ بِهِ عَلَى وَلَدِكَ " 1‏ قَالَ: عِنْدِي آخَرُ, قَالَ: " تَصَدَّقْ بِهِ عَلَى خَادِمِكَ " قَالَ: عِنْدِي آخَرُ, قَالَ: " أَنْتَ أَبْصَرُ ".‏ } رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ, وَصَحَّحَهُ اِبْنُ حِبَّانَ وَالْحَاكِمُ 2‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.39
A’ishah (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“When a woman gives some of the foodstuff (which she has in her house) in charity without being extravagant (without being wasteful), she will receive the reward for what she has spent, and her husband will receive the reward because of his earning, and the keeper (if any) will be similarly rewarded. The reward of one will not decrease the reward of the others.” Agreed upon.
وَعَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ: قَالَ اَلنَّبِيُّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ إِذَا أَنْفَقَتِ اَلْمَرْأَةُ مِنْ طَعَامِ بَيْتِهَا, غَيْرَ مُفْسِدَةٍ, كَانَ لَهَا أَجْرُهَا بِمَا أَنْفَقَتْ وَلِزَوْجِهَا أَجْرُهُ بِمَا اِكْتَسَبَ 1‏ وَلِلْخَازِنِ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ, وَلَا يَنْقُصُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَجْرَ بَعْضٍ شَيْئًا } مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ.‏ 2‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.40
Abu Sa'id (RAA) narrated, ‘Zainab the wife of Ibn Mas’ud came along and said to the Prophet “O Messenger of Allah (PbUH)! You have commanded us today to give Sadaqah (charity). I have some jewelry of mine and I wanted to give it as Sadaqah, but Ibn Mas'ud claims that he and his children are the most entitled to my Sadaqah. (deserve it more than anyone else.)' The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“Ibn Mas'ud is right. Your husband and your children are more deserving.’’ Related by Al-Bukhari.
وَعَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ اَلْخُدْرِيِّ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: { جَاءَتْ زَيْنَبُ اِمْرَأَةُ اِبْنِ مَسْعُودٍ, فَقَالَتْ: يَا رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ, إِنَّكَ أَمَرْتَ اَلْيَوْمَ بِالصَّدَقَةِ, وَكَانَ عِنْدِي حُلِيٌّ لِي, فَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَتَصَدَّقَ بِهِ, فَزَعَمَ اِبْنُ مَسْعُودٍ أَنَّهُ وَوَلَدُهُ أَحَقُّ مَنْ تَصَدَّقْتُ بِهِ عَلَيْهِمْ, فَقَالَ اَلنَّبِيُّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-
"صَدَقَ اِبْنُ مَسْعُودٍ, زَوْجُكِ وَوَلَدُكِ أَحَقُّ مَنْ تَصَدَّقْتِ بِهِ عَلَيْهِمْ"
‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.41
Ibn ’Umar (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“A man who persists in begging people to give him charity, will come on the Day of Judgment and there will not be a piece of flesh on his face.” Agreed upon.
وَعَنِ اِبْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ: قَالَ اَلنَّبِيُّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ مَا يَزَالُ اَلرَّجُلُ يَسْأَلُ اَلنَّاسَ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ يَوْمَ اَلْقِيَامَةِ لَيْسَ فِي وَجْهِهِ مُزْعَةُ لَحْمٍ } مُتَّفَقٌ عَلَيْهِ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.42
Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“He who asks others to give to him in order to increase his own wealth, is akin to one who asks for live coals. He who wishes to have more, let him have it and he who wishes to have less, let him have it.” Related by Muslim.
وَعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ مَنْ سَأَلَ اَلنَّاسَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ تَكَثُّرًا, فَإِنَّمَا يَسْأَلُ جَمْرًا, فَلْيَسْتَقِلَّ أَوْ لِيَسْتَكْثِرْ } رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.43
Az-Zubair bin Al-Awwam (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“It is better for any of you to take a rope and cut some wood (from the forest) and carry it over his back and sell it, to preserve his dignity (as he is earning his own living), rather than ask a person for something and that person may give him or not.” Related by Al-Bukhari.
وَعَنِ اَلزُّبَيْرِ بْنِ اَلْعَوَّامِ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- عَنِ اَلنَّبِيِّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ: { لَأَنْ يَأْخُذَ أَحَدُكُمْ حَبْلَهُ, فَيَأْتِي بِحُزْمَةِ اَلْحَطَبِ عَلَى ظَهْرِهِ, فَيَبِيعَهَا, فَيَكُفَّ اَللَّهُ بِهَا وَجْهَهُ, خَيْرٌ لَهُ مِنْ أَنْ يَسْأَلَ اَلنَّاسَ أَعْطَوهُ أَوْ مَنَعُوهُ } رَوَاهُ اَلْبُخَارِيُّ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.44
Samurah bin Jundub (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“begging is like a scratch with which a man scratches his face; unless one is asking the ruler or in the case of dire necessity.” Related by At-Tirmidhi, who regarded it as Sahih.
وَعَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ اَلْمَسْأَلَةُ كَدٌّ يَكُدُّ بِهَا اَلرَّجُلُ وَجْهَهُ, إِلَّا أَنْ يَسْأَلَ اَلرَّجُلُ سُلْطَانًا, أَوْ فِي أَمْرٍ لَا بُدَّ مِنْهُ } رَوَاهُ اَلتِّرْمِذِيُّ وَصَحَّحَهُ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.45
Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“Zakah is not allowed for the well-off person except for one of the following five: an administrator of Zakah, a man who buys Zakah holdings with his money, a person who is in debt, a fighter in the cause of Allah, or a rich person who is given a present by a needy (miskin) person which the latter had been given as Zakah.” Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, and Al-Hakim regarded it as Sahih.
عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ اَلْخُدْرِيِّ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ لَا تَحِلُّ اَلصَّدَقَةُ لِغَنِيٍّ إِلَّا لِخَمْسَةٍ: لِعَامِلٍ عَلَيْهَا, أَوْ رَجُلٍ اِشْتَرَاهَا بِمَالِهِ, أَوْ غَارِمٍ, أَوْ غَازٍ فِي سَبِيلِ اَللَّهِ, أَوْ مِسْكِينٍ تُصُدِّقَ عَلَيْهِ مِنْهَا, فَأَهْدَى مِنْهَا لِغَنِيٍّ } رَوَاهُ أَحْمَدُ, وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ, وَابْنُ مَاجَهْ, وَصَحَّحَهُ اَلْحَاكِمُ, وَأُعِلَّ بِالْإِرْسَالِ 1‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.46
'Ubaidullah bin ’Adi bin Al-Khiyar (RAA) narrated that Two men told him that they had gone to the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) asking him to give them something from the Zakah money (as he was distributing it at that time). The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) then looked them up and down and found them to be sturdy and strong. He then said to them, “If you desire, I shall give it to you, but this Zakah is not for one who is rich, neither for the one who is strong and able to earn.” Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and An-Nasa'i.
وَعَنْ عُبَيْدِ اَللَّهِ بْنِ عَدِيِّ بْنِ اَلْخِيَارِ; { أَنَّ رَجُلَيْنِ حَدَّثَاهُ أَنَّهُمَا أَتَيَا رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-يَسْأَلَانِهِ مِنَ اَلصَّدَقَةِ، فَقَلَّبَ فِيهِمَا اَلْبَصَرَ, فَرَآهُمَا جَلْدَيْنِ, فَقَالَ:
"إِنْ شِئْتُمَا, وَلَا حَظَّ فِيهَا لِغَنِيٍّ, وَلَا لِقَوِيٍّ مُكْتَسِبٍ"
‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.47
Qabisah bin Mukhariq Al-Hilali (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“Asking for (the money of) Zakah, is justified only for the following three: first, a man who is in debt: it is then permissible for him to receive [Zakah] until his difficulty is resolved; second, a man who was struck by calamity, which destroyed his holdings, which also makes it permissible for him to receive [Zakah] until he is in a position to earn his own living; and third, a man who has been reduced to poverty and three persons of caliber from among his people testify to his desperate circumstances. Such will receive until he finds a means of support for himself. Other than these cases, O Qabisah, it is considered as taking suht (unlawful or haram earnings), and the person receiving it (this Zakah) will be consuming forbidden (unlawful) holdings.” Related by Muslim, Abu Dawud, Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn Hibban.
وَعَنْ قَبِيصَةَ بْنِ مُخَارِقٍ اَلْهِلَالِيِّ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ إِنَّ اَلْمَسْأَلَةَ لَا تَحِلُّ إِلَّا لِأَحَدِ ثَلَاثَةٍ: رَجُلٌ تَحَمَّلَ حَمَالَةً, فَحَلَّتْ لَهُ اَلْمَسْأَلَةُ حَتَّى يُصِيبَهَا, ثُمَّ يُمْسِكَ، وَرَجُلٌ أَصَابَتْهُ جَائِحَةٌ, اِجْتَاحَتْ مَالَهُ, فَحَلَّتْ لَهُ اَلْمَسْأَلَةُ حَتَّى يُصِيبَ قِوَامًا مِنْ عَيْشٍ, وَرَجُلٌ أَصَابَتْهُ فَاقَةٌ حَتَّى يَقُومَ ثَلَاثَةٌ مِنْ ذَوِي الْحِجَى مِنْ قَومِهِ: لَقَدْ أَصَابَتْ فُلَانًا فَاقَةٌ; فَحَلَّتْ لَهُ اَلْمَسْأَلَةُ حَتَّى يُصِيبَ قِوَامًا مِنْ عَيْشٍ, فَمَا سِوَاهُنَّ مِنَ اَلْمَسْأَلَةِ يَا قَبِيصَةُ سُحْتٌ يَأْكُلُهَا [ صَاحِبُهَا ] 1‏ سُحْتًا } رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ, وَأَبُو دَاوُدَ, وَابْنُ خُزَيْمَةَ, وَابْنُ حِبَّانَ 2‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.48
’Abdul Muttalib bin Rabi’ah bin Al-Harith narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) said:
“Indeed, Zakah ought not to be given to the family of Muhammad, it will be like giving them from the impurities of people.” In another narration, “It is not lawful for Muhammad or the family of Muhammad(PbUH). Related by Muslim.
وَعَنْ عَبْدِ اَلْمُطَّلِبِ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ اَلْحَارِثِ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ إِنَّ اَلصَّدَقَةَ لَا تَنْبَغِي لِآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ, إِنَّمَا هِيَ أَوْسَاخُ اَلنَّاسِ } 1‏ .‏ وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ: { وَإِنَّهَا لَا تَحِلُّ لِمُحَمَّدٍ وَلَا آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ } رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ 2‏ .‏
Bulug Al-Maram 4.49
Jubair bin Mut’am (RAA) narrated, “Uthman Ibn 'Affan and I went to the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) &, and said to him, ‘O Messenger of Allah (PbUH)! You have given the family of Banu Al-Muttalib from the fifth of the war booty of Khaibar and left us out, while we and they are of the same status.’ The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) replied, “Banu Al-Muttalib and Banu Hashim are one.” Related by al-Bukhari.
وَعَنْ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ مُطْعِمٍ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: { مَشَيْتُ أَنَا وَعُثْمَانُ بْنُ عَفَّانَ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- إِلَى اَلنَّبِيِّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-فَقُلْنَا: يَا رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ, أَعْطَيْتَ بَنِي اَلْمُطَّلِبِ مِنْ خُمُسِ خَيْبَرَ وَتَرَكْتَنَا, وَنَحْنُ وَهُمْ بِمَنْزِلَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ, فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-
"إِنَّمَا بَنُو اَلْمُطَّلِبِ وَبَنُو هَاشِمٍ شَيْءٌ وَاحِدٌ"
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Bulug Al-Maram 4.50
Abu Rafi (RAA) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) appointed a man from Bani Makhzum to collect the Zakah. The man said to Abu Rafi', ‘Accompany me so that you may get a share of it.' Abu Rafi, replied, ‘No! Not until I go to the Prophet and ask him’ He went to the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) and asked him, and the Prophet replied, “The client (slave) of a certain tribe are like (the members of the tribe) themselves and Zakah is not lawful for us.” Related by Ahmad, the three Imams, Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn Hibban.
وَعَنْ أَبِي رَافِعٍ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- { أَنَّ اَلنَّبِيَّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-بَعَثَ رَجُلًا عَلَى اَلصَّدَقَةِ مِنْ بَنِي مَخْزُومٍ, فَقَالَ لِأَبِي رَافِعٍ: اِصْحَبْنِي, فَإِنَّكَ تُصِيبُ مِنْهَا, قَالَ: حَتَّى آتِيَ اَلنَّبِيَّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-فَأَسْأَلَهُ.‏ فَأَتَاهُ فَسَأَلَهُ, فَقَالَ:
" مَوْلَى اَلْقَوْمِ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ, وَإِنَّا لَا تَحِلُّ لَنَا اَلصَّدَقَةُ "
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Bulug Al-Maram 4.51
Salim bin ’Abdullah bin ’Umar narrated on the authority of his father (RAA) that the Messenger of Allah (PbUH) used to give 'Umar bin Al-Khattab something (some money), but he would say to him, ‘Would you give it to a person, who is more needy than me'? The Messenger of Allah (PbUH) would then say to him, 'Take it. If you are given something from this property, without your having asked for it or being eager to receive it, and if you are not given, do not go and ask for it.” Related by Muslim.
وَعَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اَللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ, عَنْ أَبِيهِ; { أَنَّ رَسُولَ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-كَانَ يُعْطِي عُمَرَ اَلْعَطَاءَ, فَيَقُولُ: أَعْطِهِ أَفْقَرَ مِنِّي, فَيَقُولُ:
"خُذْهُ فَتَمَوَّلْهُ, أَوْ تَصَدَّقْ بِهِ, وَمَا جَاءَكَ مِنْ هَذَا اَلْمَالِ, وَأَنْتَ غَيْرُ مُشْرِفٍ وَلَا سَائِلٍ فَخُذْهُ, وَمَا لَا فَلَا تُتْبِعْهُ نَفْسَكَ"
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